flowriding explained indoor surfing on an artificial wave 1
flowriding explained indoor surfing on an artificial wave 1

Step into the world of flowriding, where the exhilaration of riding a wave meets the excitement of indoor surfing. In this unique sport, participants strap on their boards and glide effortlessly on an artificial wave, experiencing the thrill of surfing regardless of the weather conditions outside. Whether you’re a seasoned surfer looking to hone your skills or a beginner eager to tackle the waves, flowriding offers endless possibilities for fun and adventure. Get ready to ride the wave of excitement as we dive into the world of flowriding and uncover the secrets behind this adrenaline-pumping sport.

What is Flowriding

Definition of flowriding

Flowriding is a thrilling water sport that involves riding on an artificial wave generated by a specifically designed wave machine. It combines elements of surfing, bodyboarding, and skateboarding, creating a unique experience that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels.

Comparison to traditional surfing

While flowriding shares similarities with traditional surfing, there are some key differences. Unlike traditional surfing, which relies on natural ocean waves, flowriding takes place on a stationary wave that is created by powerful water pumps. The technology behind flowrider machines allows for a consistent and controlled wave, making it an excellent option for those seeking a surfing experience in any location, regardless of proximity to the beach.

History and development of flowriding

Flowriding originated in the United States in the late 1980s and has since gained popularity worldwide. The sport was initially developed as a way to simulate the feeling of riding an ocean wave in a controlled environment. Over the years, advancements in technology and wave machine design have made flowriding more accessible and exciting. Today, the sport can be found in water parks, indoor surfing venues, and even at professional flowriding competitions.

How Flowriding Works

Flowrider technology

The heart of flowriding lies in the innovative flowrider technology. A flowrider machine consists of a sloped surface covered with a soft and water-resistant material, usually made of fiberglass or a composite material. This surface is designed to mimic the shape and texture of a breaking wave. Beneath the surface, powerful pumps generate a continuous flow of water, creating a stationary wave that flows uphill against the rider’s path. It is this combination of a sloped surface and constantly flowing water that allows riders to experience the thrill of riding a wave.

Features of a flowrider

A typical flowrider consists of various features that enhance the surfing experience. The most prominent feature is the wave generator, which creates the continuous flow of water that forms the standing wave. Additionally, flowriders often incorporate ramps, rails, and other inflatable obstacles, allowing riders to perform tricks and maneuvers. The surface of a flowrider is also designed to be soft and forgiving, minimizing the risk of injury when riders fall.

Water flow and wave generation

In a flowrider, water is pumped at high velocity to create a constant flow. This flow is directed towards a concave ramp, which leads to a sloped surface designed to mimic the shape of a breaking wave. As the water cascades down the surface, it creates a standing wave that flows against the rider’s path. The force and speed of the water can be adjusted to accommodate riders of different skill levels, ensuring a fun and challenging experience for everyone.

Riding techniques and body positioning

Successfully riding a flowrider requires mastering proper techniques and body positioning. Riders must maintain balance, distribute their weight evenly, and keep their body low and centered. The correct stance involves bending the knees, keeping the back straight, and positioning the arms for balance. By shifting their body weight and using their arms to maintain stability, riders can maneuver and carve on the wave, replicating the feeling of traditional surfing.

Benefits of Flowriding

Year-round availability

One of the major advantages of flowriding is its year-round availability. Unlike traditional surfing, which is often limited by seasonal conditions and weather patterns, flowriding can be enjoyed regardless of the time of year. This makes it a fantastic option for those who live in landlocked areas or regions with inconsistent surf conditions.

Safe and controlled environment

Flowriding takes place in a controlled environment, ensuring maximum safety for riders. The constant flow of water and the soft surface of the flowrider minimize the risk of injuries when compared to surfing in the ocean. Additionally, lifeguards and trained staff are typically present to provide assistance and ensure the well-being of all riders.

Suitable for all skill levels

Flowriding is a sport that is accessible to individuals of all ages and skill levels. Whether you are a seasoned surfer looking to practice and improve your skills or a beginner eager to learn the basics, flowriding provides an excellent platform. The adjustable water flow and various ramp configurations allow riders to customize their experience based on their abilities, making it suitable for both beginners and advanced riders.

Ability to practice and improve surfing skills

Flowriding offers a unique opportunity for surfers to practice and improve their skills in a controlled environment. The consistent wave generated by the flowrider allows riders to work on their technique, practice turns and maneuvers, and experiment with different body positioning. This ability to fine-tune their surfing skills without the unpredictability of ocean waves can greatly enhance a surfer’s overall performance.

Fitness and health benefits

Flowriding provides a fun and engaging way to stay active and improve fitness levels. Riding the flowrider requires a combination of balance, strength, and coordination, which helps develop core muscles and improve overall fitness. The intense physical exertion involved in flowriding can also contribute to cardiovascular health and aid in weight management. Moreover, the adrenaline rush and sense of accomplishment that comes with successfully riding a flowrider can provide a significant boost to mental well-being.

Flowriding Explained - Indoor Surfing On An Artificial Wave

Flowriding Techniques

Basic stance and balance

Mastering the basic stance and achieving proper balance are fundamental to becoming a skilled flowrider. Adopting a low and centered stance with knees bent, back straight, and arms extended for balance is crucial. Distributing weight evenly on both feet helps maintain stability and control on the wave.

Pumping and generating speed

To generate speed on a flowrider, riders must learn the pumping technique. This involves using the legs to compress and extend, pushing against the force of the water to propel forward. By mastering the pumping technique, riders can effectively generate speed and maintain momentum on the wave.

Executing turns and carves

Flowriding allows for the execution of turns and carves, similar to traditional surfing. By shifting their body weight and using their arms for balance, riders can initiate turns and manipulate the direction of their ride. The key to successful turns and carves lies in body positioning and precise weight distribution.

Performing tricks and aerial maneuvers

For those seeking an extra challenge, flowriding provides ample opportunities for performing tricks and aerial maneuvers. Riders can incorporate spins, flips, grabs, and slides into their flowriding repertoire. Advanced riders can experiment with more complex tricks, showcasing their creativity, style, and skill.

Types of Flowriding

Flowrider Single

The Flowrider Single is the most common and widely available type of flowrider. It features a single lane where riders can experience the thrill of flowriding. The wave generated by the flowrider offers an excellent balance between speed and size, making it suitable for riders of all skill levels.

Flowrider Double

The Flowrider Double consists of two parallel lanes that run side by side. This configuration allows for simultaneous rides, making it ideal for friendly competitions or for enjoying the experience with a friend. The size and speed of the wave generated on the Flowrider Double are comparable to that of the Flowrider Single, providing an exhilarating flowriding experience.


The Flowbarrel is a specialized type of flowrider that creates a more powerful and challenging wave. The design of the Flowbarrel allows riders to experience a barrel, which is a barrel-shaped section of a breaking wave that is highly sought after by surfers. Riding a Flowbarrel requires advanced skills and provides a thrilling experience for experienced riders looking for a higher level of difficulty.


Flowhouse is an all-encompassing term that refers to a facility or venue that houses various flowrider attractions. A Flowhouse typically includes a combination of Flowrider Single, Flowrider Double, and Flowbarrel installations, providing a diverse range of flowriding experiences in one location.

Popular Flowriding Destinations

Water parks with flowrider attractions

Water parks around the world have embraced flowriding as a popular attraction. These parks often feature dedicated flowrider areas, where visitors can experience the thrill of flowriding in a fun and family-friendly environment. Some renowned water parks with flowrider attractions include Aquaventure Waterpark in Dubai, Flow House in Bali, and Sunway Lagoon in Malaysia.

Indoor surfing venues

Indoor surfing venues have become increasingly popular, offering individuals the chance to experience flowriding without the need for a natural body of water. These venues recreate the feeling of riding a wave indoors, providing a unique and exciting experience for surf enthusiasts. Indoor surfing venues can be found in major cities worldwide, such as Citywave in Germany, Surf Snowdonia in Wales, and SkyVenture in the United States.

Flowriding competitions

With the growing popularity of flowriding, competitive events and competitions have emerged, showcasing the skills and talents of flowriders from around the world. These competitions span various categories, including freestyle, racing, and team events. The International Flowboarding League (IFL) and the Flow Tour are two prominent organizations that organize flowriding competitions globally.

Safety Tips for Flowriding

Wearing appropriate safety gear

When participating in flowriding, it is essential to wear appropriate safety gear to minimize the risk of injuries. This includes a helmet, knee pads, and elbow pads. Wearing a rash guard or wetsuit can also provide protection against friction and abrasions.

Understanding flowrider rules and regulations

Before riding a flowrider, it is important to familiarize oneself with the specific rules and regulations of the facility. This includes understanding age restrictions, safety guidelines, and rider etiquette. Following these rules ensures a safe and enjoyable experience for everyone.

Proper warm-up and stretching

To prevent muscle strains and improve flexibility, it is essential to warm up properly before getting on a flowrider. This can include light cardio exercises, stretching, and joint mobility drills. A warm-up routine helps prepare the body for the physical demands of flowriding and reduces the risk of injuries.

Mastering basic techniques before attempting advanced moves

It is crucial to master the basic flowriding techniques before attempting more advanced maneuvers or tricks. This allows riders to build a strong foundation and develop proper muscle memory. Taking a step-by-step approach and gradually progressing through the various techniques ensures a safer and more successful flowriding experience.

Being aware of other riders

When riding a flowrider, it is important to be aware of other riders sharing the same wave. Respecting others’ space, maintaining a safe distance, and avoiding collisions are essential for both personal safety and the enjoyment of everyone on the flowrider.

Flowriding vs Other Indoor Surfing Activities

Differences between flowriding and wave pools

Wave pools, another popular form of indoor surfing, differ from flowriding in several aspects. Wave pools generate artificial waves that move in a circular or rectangular pattern, whereas flowriding creates a stationary wave. The type of wave generated in a wave pool is more akin to a breaking ocean wave, while flowriders replicate the feeling of riding a standing wave. Additionally, flowriding often incorporates ramps and obstacles, allowing for more versatility in tricks and maneuvers.

Comparison to simulated surfing experiences

Simulated surfing experiences, such as wave simulators and virtual reality surfing, offer a different approach to indoor surfing. These technologies use advanced mechanics and virtual reality technology to mimic the sensation of surfing. While they provide a realistic experience, they do not involve actual water or physical waves like flowriding does. Flowriding offers a more immersive and physically engaging experience, making it a popular choice for those seeking an authentic surfing feel.

Flowriding Community and Culture

Flowriding clubs and organizations

The flowriding community has grown significantly in recent years, leading to the formation of various clubs and organizations dedicated to the sport. These clubs often provide training opportunities, host competitions, and organize social events for flowriders of all levels. Joining a flowriding club is an excellent way to connect with fellow enthusiasts, learn from experienced riders, and stay updated on the latest happenings in the flowriding community.

Flowriding events and gatherings

Flowriding events and gatherings bring together flowriders from around the world to showcase their skills, compete, and celebrate the sport. These events often feature exhibitions, live music, and opportunities for riders to socialize and exchange ideas. They serve as a platform for creating a sense of community and fostering the growth and promotion of flowriding worldwide.

Flowriding influencers and professional riders

The world of flowriding is home to a growing number of influencers and professional riders who inspire and entertain audiences through their skills and creativity. These individuals often share their flowriding experiences through social media platforms, showcasing their innovative tricks and techniques. They play a crucial role in promoting flowriding to a wider audience and encouraging others to explore the sport.


Flowriding has experienced tremendous growth in popularity due to its unique combination of thrilling action and accessibility. With advancements in flowrider technology, flowriding has become an increasingly sought-after sport for individuals of all ages and skill levels. The availability of year-round flowriding, the safe and controlled environment, and the ability to practice and improve surfing skills are just a few of the many benefits that flowriding offers. As the flowriding community continues to expand, so too will the future advancements in flowrider technology, promising an exciting future for this exhilarating water sport.

Diana Hanson
Hi there! I'm Diana Hanson, a SUP enthusiast and paddler with over ten years of experience. I have a deep love for exploring new places and trying out new things on my SUP board. Whether it's gliding across a peaceful lake, navigating a fast-moving river, or riding the exhilarating waves of the ocean, I'm always up for an adventure. As the author of the website SupNoob.com, I am passionate about sharing my knowledge and experience with others. My goal is to help beginners learn the skills needed to paddle safely and confidently. I understand the challenges that novices face when starting out, and I'm dedicated to providing them with valuable tips and advice. But my passion doesn't stop there. I also strive to assist experienced paddlers in taking their skills to the next level. Through SupNoob.com, I constantly update the site with the latest SUP gear reviews, insider tips, and expert advice. My aim is to ensure that everyone, regardless of their skill level, can get the most out of their paddling experience. I take great pride in my work, and I have been fortunate to receive recognition in the form of prizes and rewards for my contributions to the SUP community. It's an honor to be able to share my passion for this incredible sport with others, and I hope that through SupNoob.com, I can inspire and empower fellow SUP enthusiasts to embark on their own unforgettable journeys. Join me on SupNoob.com, and let's dive into the exciting world of SUP together!